Social dialogue

A process of exchange between social partners to promote consultation, dialogue and collective bargaining.


  1. social dialogue can be bipartite (involving representatives of workers and employers) or tripartite (also associating public authorities and/or representatives of civil society, NGOs, etc.);
  2. social dialogue can take place at various levels (company, sectoral/cross-sectoral and local/regional/national/transnational);
  3. at international level, social dialogue can be bilateral, trilateral or multilateral, according to the number of countries involved.

SOURCE: Cedefop, 2003.

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